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As I have discussed in the Pastoral Seminars concerning The Shift in this season, there

is also Church Planting Shifts that must take place. We must acknowledge that

Christianity in the West is competing more with a secular worldview than it has in the

past, when Christendom reigned.

The question among missionaries, pastors and church leaders today arises around the issues of timing: When will this reality exert significant pressure on the present church planting approach, thus requiring immediate change to the predominant approach—reaching nominal Christians?

Below, I look at some possible implications this evident Shift may have for the support structures of most church planting initiatives.

New and Emerging Philosophies

With the rising tide of secularism and the ultimate decline of Christian nominalism, we

may need to rethink our denominational and traditional church planting support

mechanisms. There’s no doubt that no nominalism has provided us with a ready base

to plant and launch churches. We could plant faster with a Christian base and nominal

Christians to reach. But that is changing.

This, in turn, has led to a fiscal reality that the way we fund church planting must line

up with the new and emerging philosophies of church planting.

As we look to the future, we’re going to find it more challenging to fund church plants

the traditional way, primarily because the sending context will be vastly dissimilar to

our current context. That’s already true in places like Boston or Madison, Wisconsin,

but it is becoming more evident in places like Columbus, Ohio, as well.

In order for churches to be planted in a more secular society, we need different skills

as church planters and we need to take more time to establish credible and significant

roots in a secular community that may not be antagonistic to the Christian faith, yet

question its overarching importance to life.

A Missionary Model

Planting churches in secular contexts is different from planting churches in nominal

Christian contexts. Even though the difference may seem obvious to most people, the

implications are more complex as it relates to the emotions of current support

infrastructure and denominational marketing endeavors.

It would not make sense from a financial perspective to say, “Well then, we’ll fund you

for 10 years,” unless we change the church planting model to a missionary model. It is

unrealistic to sustain the support for 10 years around planting a new church among

those who support church plants today and see almost instant results.

If, however, we change the church planting model to a missionary model, then we will

fund people as missionaries for multiple years as they plant churches with appropriate

means and metrics, thus moving away from the traditional church planting model.

Secular contexts are more complex and require a completely different set of skills,

personnel, support, infrastructure, models and funding. Traditionally, these funding

models have depended largely on particular denominations; however, they typically

state that funding will be around 75 percent in year one, 50% percent in year two, 25

percent in year three, and by year four, the church is (ideally) fully supported and self-

sufficient. This funding model makes a lot of assumptions about culture and planting


First, the fundamental assumption that self-sufficiency can be attained in three to four

years is unrealistic and, second, the assumption that pastoral motivation for self-

sufficiency is a primary driver toward attaining the goal is faulty. Neither motivation

that exists in our current climate will singlehandedly conquer church planting in

secular spaces.

A Return

The missionary-funding model is when you are an employee of a mission agency and

you plant churches, but typically you don’t stay at that church, but instead plant

another church. This is not always easy or realistic, and this is where it gets


We currently don’t have the kind of model that I think our new cultural reality needs.

However, bivocational ministry is a good option to both exert influence from within

secular society and create a context within which the people of God can live out the

implications of the gospel and the love of Christ.

Secularism may indeed even be seen as God’s answer to a complacent and complicit

church by providing an unfamiliar and somewhat tainted environment within which the

Christian stands out as a shining example of a life to be lived empowered by the Spirit

of God.

This, in many senses, will return the church to its earlier mission history of bringing

the gospel where cultural assumptions were worlds apart. Perhaps the church has

learned lessons from the past that will empower witness and mission in secular

contexts where the gospel is yet to take root and transform lives from the inside out.

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